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To win the initiative of industrial green development

Release time:2015-08-01

The industrial green of our country needs to develop the initiative power, such as industrial layout, structural adjustment, environmental management, technology promotion and innovation, and incentive and restraint mechanism.

Every country industrialization is an impassable stage. In order to achieve the industrialization and urbanization of the historical task of the resource consumption and pollutant discharge, industrial green is an important way. The United Nations Industrial Development Organization believes that the industrial green development of production and consumption patterns of sustainable better, so that the use of resources and energy use efficiency, carbon and pollutant emission intensity is lower, no pollution to the ecological environment and more safe.

Industrial green, including the "traditional industries of green" and "the development of green industry" two aspects. Industrial green is a process, but also the result. "Industrial transformation and upgrading plan (2011 - 2015)", the promotion of industrial green low-carbon development as one of the key tasks of industrial transformation and upgrading. In the Ministry of industry and the promotion of the industry, our country has taken a solid step in the industry, and achieved initial results. Looking to the future, China's industrial green, need to be from the industrial layout, structure adjustment, the whole life cycle of resources and environmental management, technology promotion and innovation, and incentive and restraint mechanisms, etc., to implement the brand strategy, the development of producer services, to reduce the product's resource weight and pollutant emission intensity.

Optimizing industrial layout can receive the effect of energy saving and emission reduction. Industrial Park is the industrial clustering space, driving force is close to the raw materials, close to the market or close to the enterprise, in order to reduce transportation costs or carry out supporting production. Enterprise clusters can be spontaneous, the small commodity market in Yiwu, Zhejiang, "former shop factory" is the case; also can be the government planning.

Optimize the industrial structure can receive the largest energy-saving emission reduction effect. Need to press the relevant principle, the new capacity layout and eliminate backward production capacity, to curb the blind expansion of production capacity. Vigorously promote energy revolution, control the total coal consumption, promote clean and efficient use of coal, improve the utilization ratio of renewable energy in the manufacturing sector, and increase the intensity of new energy technology and equipment research and development, form a resource-saving and environment-friendly industrial structure and production mode.

Ecological design is to follow the laws of natural circulation, improve resource efficiency and reduce pollutant emissions from the source, clean production is an important way to control the generation and discharge of pollutants in the process. Both are closely related, but also the focus of. Objective to consider the selection of raw materials, production, sales and use, and recycling, processing and other aspects of the resource environment, and strive to minimize the resource consumption, as far as possible, use or not use toxic and harmful substances, to achieve the production process intensification, clean and intelligent, to achieve pollutant "near zero" emissions; promote enterprise green development, green standards, green management, green production, lead the manufacturing industry to take the green development road.

Implementation of green manufacturing is an important measure to realize industrial green. Recently, the State Council promulgated the "China manufacturing 2025", should co-ordinate planning, market oriented, enterprise as the main body, to advance; insist on innovation driven, intelligent transformation, strengthening the foundation, the construction of efficient, clean, low-carbon, green manufacturing system in a more prominent position, from manufacturing power towards manufacturing power; and drive smart city, smart logistics, smart grid and other facilities. The important direction of industrial development is intelligent, green, should promote the traditional manufacturing of green transformation, with efficient green production technology and equipment to transform the traditional manufacturing process. To win the initiative of industrial green development, the most fundamental is to rely on the power of science and technology, the most important is to make a difference in innovation driven.

Promote resource recycling and recycling. Vigorously develop the circular economy and re manufacturing industry, to the internal combustion engine, machine tools, motors, engineering machinery and other products to focus, improve the recycling system, building a model base, standardize the product market. Development of technology and equipment, improve the industrial solid waste, waste electrical and electronic products, such as resource utilization level. Focus on promoting the Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei, "along the way", the Yangtze River Delta region of the tailings, mullock, fly ash, waste electronic and electrical appliances, such as cross regional cooperative use and explore the bulk of industrial solid waste and recycling products regional coordinated development new pattern.

Government market hands. The government should make a difference in the creation of the three market environment. Should solve the major industrial pollution problems affecting the health of the masses, such as lead pollution, cadmium rice, etc.. Ministry of industry and information technology has been the lead industry green development plan as an important part of industrial energy saving and green development, and supporting the construction of lead-acid battery recycling system. In addition, public financial support should be increased. Innovation system, the implementation of producer responsibility extension system. The implementation of tax preferential policies, accelerate the improvement of the standard system, standard revised and updated, forced the optimization and upgrading of industrial structure. Urge enterprises to implement energy-saving emission reduction technological transformation, the implementation of the supervision and inspection, and to give the necessary incentives and penalties.

Make full use of the market mechanism, increase the price reform, the formation of the elements of the cost of resources and environmental factors. Distorted price signals tend to lead to a lack of motivation for enterprises to change management or to improve the technology process, and cause a lot of waste and energy efficiency is low